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What is hot carrier effect

What is hot carrier effect

Question: What is hot carrier effect? How can be minimized hot carrier effect?   Hot carrier effect: As the feature size decreases, the electric field in the channel region increases which leads to gain high kinetic energy by holes and electrons (Hot carrier). High kinetic energy helps them to inject …

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Characteristics of MOS dynamic circuit

Characteristics of MOS dynamic circuit

Question: What are the Key Characteristics of MOS dynamic circuit ? What makes dynamic CMOS circuit faster than a static CMOS circuit?   Solution: The Key Characteristics of MOS dynamic circuit The advantage of low power of static CMOS circuit and smaller chip area of nMOS circuits are combined in …

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Short channel effects

Short channel effects

Discuss Short channel effects   Short channel effects are a series of phenomena that take place when the channel length of the MOSFET becomes approximately equal to the space charge regions of source and drain junctions with the substrate. They lead to a series of issues including polysilicon gate depletion …

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Single bit half adder with carry and enable using VHDL

Single bit half adder with carry and enable using VHDL

Single bit half adder with carry and enable using VHDL   Specifications: Inputs and outputs are each one bit When enable is high, result gets x plus y When enable is high, carry gets any carry of x plus y Outputs are zero when enable input is low Step1: Input …

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What is VHDL and advantages of VHDL

What is VHDL and the advantages of VHDL

What is VHDL and the advantages of VHDL   VHDL The VHSIC Hardware Description Language (VHDL) is a hardware description language (HDL)that can model the behavior and structure of digital systems at multiple levels of abstraction, starting from the system level right down to that of logic gates, for design entry, documentation, and verification purposes.   …

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RCA cleaning process

RCA cleaning process

Question: Explain the RCA cleaning process   RCA cleaning process The RCA clean is a Front End of Line (FOEL) cleaning process. the aim of RCA clean is to get rid of organic contaminants from the wafer surface, then remove any oxide layer which will have built-ups, and eventually remove any ionic or heavy metal contaminants. The …

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